# psychopy.tools.unittools¶

Functions and classes related to unit conversion

psychopy.tools.unittools.radians(x, /, out=None, *, where=True, casting='same_kind', order='K', dtype=None, subok=True[, signature, extobj])

Convert angles from degrees to radians.

Parameters
• x (array_like) – Input array in degrees.

• out (ndarray, None, or tuple of ndarray and None, optional) – A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.

• where (array_like, optional) – This condition is broadcast over the input. At locations where the condition is True, the out array will be set to the ufunc result. Elsewhere, the out array will retain its original value. Note that if an uninitialized out array is created via the default out=None, locations within it where the condition is False will remain uninitialized.

• **kwargs – For other keyword-only arguments, see the ufunc docs.

Returns

y – The corresponding radian values. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.

Return type

ndarray

See also

deg2rad

equivalent function

Examples

Convert a degree array to radians

>>> deg = np.arange(12.) * 30.
>>> np.radians(deg)
array([ 0.        ,  0.52359878,  1.04719755,  1.57079633,  2.0943951 ,
2.61799388,  3.14159265,  3.66519143,  4.1887902 ,  4.71238898,
5.23598776,  5.75958653])

>>> out = np.zeros((deg.shape))
>>> ret = np.radians(deg, out)
>>> ret is out
True

psychopy.tools.unittools.degrees(x, /, out=None, *, where=True, casting='same_kind', order='K', dtype=None, subok=True[, signature, extobj])

Convert angles from radians to degrees.

Parameters
• x (array_like) – Input array in radians.

• out (ndarray, None, or tuple of ndarray and None, optional) – A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.

• where (array_like, optional) – This condition is broadcast over the input. At locations where the condition is True, the out array will be set to the ufunc result. Elsewhere, the out array will retain its original value. Note that if an uninitialized out array is created via the default out=None, locations within it where the condition is False will remain uninitialized.

• **kwargs – For other keyword-only arguments, see the ufunc docs.

Returns

y – The corresponding degree values; if out was supplied this is a reference to it. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.

Return type

ndarray of floats

See also

rad2deg

equivalent function

Examples

Convert a radian array to degrees

>>> rad = np.arange(12.)*np.pi/6
>>> np.degrees(rad)
array([   0.,   30.,   60.,   90.,  120.,  150.,  180.,  210.,  240.,
270.,  300.,  330.])

>>> out = np.zeros((rad.shape))
>>> r = np.degrees(rad, out)
>>> np.all(r == out)
True


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