psychopy.clock- Clocks and timers¶
Created on Tue Apr 23 11:28:32 2013
Provides the high resolution timebase used by psychopy, and defines some time related utility Classes.
Moved functionality from core.py so a common code base could be used in core.py and logging.py; vs. duplicating the getTime and Clock logic.
@author: Sol @author: Jon
A convenient class to keep track of time in your experiments. You can have as many independent clocks as you like (e.g. one to time responses, one to keep track of stimuli …)
This clock is identical to the
except that it can also be reset to 0 or another value at any point.
DEPRECATED: use .addTime() instead
This function adds time TO THE BASE (t0) which, counterintuitively, reduces the apparent time on the clock
Add more time to the Clock/Timer
timer = core.Clock() timer.add(5) while timer.getTime()<0: # do something
Reset the time on the clock. With no args time will be set to zero. If a float is received this will be the new time on the clock
Similar to a
Clock except that time counts down
from the time of last reset.
Create a countdown clock with a 5 second duration:
timer = core.CountdownTimer(5) while timer.getTime() > 0: # after 5s will become negative # do stuff
Returns the current time left on this timer in seconds with sub-ms precision (float).
A convenient class to keep track of time in your experiments using a sub-millisecond timer.
Clock this cannot be reset to
arbitrary times. For this clock t=0 always represents the time that
the clock was created.
Don’t confuse this class with core.monotonicClock which is an instance of it that got created when PsychoPy.core was imported. That clock instance is deliberately designed always to return the time since the start of the study.
Version Notes: This class was added in PsychoPy 1.77.00
Returns the current offset being applied to the high resolution timebase used by Clock.
Returns the current time on this clock in secs (sub-ms precision).
If applying zero then this will be the time since the clock was created (typically the beginning of the script).
If not applying zero then it is whatever the underlying clock uses as its base time but that is system dependent. e.g. can be time since reboot, time since Unix Epoch etc
A class to help insert a timing period that includes code to be run.
Typical usage for the static period:
fixation.draw() win.flip() ISI = StaticPeriod(screenHz=60) ISI.start(0.5) # start a period of 0.5s stim.image = 'largeFile.bmp' # could take some time ISI.complete() # finish the 0.5s, taking into account one 60Hz frame stim.draw() win.flip() # the period takes into account the next frame flip # time should now be at exactly 0.5s later than when ISI.start() # was called
Completes the period, using up whatever time is remaining with a call to wait().
1 for success, 0 for fail (the period overran).
Get the absolute time.
This uses the same clock-base as the other timing features, like getTime(). The time (in seconds) ignores the time-zone (like time.time() on linux). To take the timezone into account, use int(time.mktime(time.gmtime())).
Absolute times in seconds are especially useful to add to generated file names for being unique, informative (= a meaningful time stamp), and because the resulting files will always sort as expected when sorted in chronological, alphabetical, or numerical order, regardless of locale and so on.
Version Notes: This method was added in PsychoPy 1.77.00
Absolute Unix time (i.e., whole seconds elapsed since Jan 1, 1970).
Copyright (c) 2018 Mario Kleiner. Licensed under MIT license.
For detailed help on a subfunction SUBFUNCTIONNAME, type GetSecs(‘SUBFUNCTIONNAME?’) ie. the name with a question mark appended. E.g., for detailed help on the subfunction called Version, type this: GetSecs(‘Version?’)
[GetSecsTime, WallTime, syncErrorSecs, MonotonicTime] = GetSecs(‘AllClocks’ [, maxError=0.000020]);
Wait for a given time period.
If secs=10 and hogCPU=0.2 then for 9.8s Python’s time.sleep function will be used, which is not especially precise, but allows the cpu to perform housekeeping. In the final hogCPUperiod the more precise method of constantly polling the clock is used for greater precision.
If you want to suppress checking for pyglet events during the wait, do this once:
core.checkPygletDuringWait = False
and from then on you can do:
This will preserve terminal-window focus during command line usage.